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Welcome to African Archaeology!

The Journal of African Archaeology is an international peer-reviewed periodical appearing half-yearly since 2003. It publishes original papers addressing recent research and developments in African archaeology and related disciplines. The journal's main purpose is to provide scholars and students with a new pan-African forum for discussing relevant topics on the cultural dynamics of past African societies.

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Vol. 7 (2) 2009

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D. Lubell

Post-Capsian occupation in the eastern Maghreb: implications of a revised chronological assessment for the adult burial at Aïn Misteheyia

Journal of African Archaeology, Volume 7 (2), 2009, pages 175-189, DOI 10.3213/1612-1651-10138

Abstract
The 1973–1976 excavations at Aïn Misteheyia, a Capsian site in eastern Algeria, revealed an archaeological sequence dated between 9500 and 6000 cal BP with evidence for technological and subsistence change coeval with what we now know to be the 8200 event. A human burial from the lowest levels at the site which are dated on land snail shell to at least 9000 cal BP, is dated twice on collagen, run 30 years apart by different laboratories using different methods, to 5000 cal BP. New TL/OSL dates on fired clay and quartz grains from land snail shell fillings from the upper 50 cm of the deposits, show that this burial is contemporaneous with those upper levels and is therefore intrusive, despite any stratigraphic proof. The burial provides clear evidence for post-Capsian use of the site and for previously undocumented mid-Holocene (Neolithic?) groups in the region, suggesting a need to reassess the cultural sequence for the history of human occupation in the eastern Maghreb.

Résumé
Les fouilles de 1973–1976 à Aïn Misteheyia, un gisement Capsien en Algérie orientale, ont indiqué un séquence archéologique daté entre 9500 et 6000 cal BP avec l'évidence pour les changements de technologie et de subsistance coeval avec l'événement climatique de 8200 cal BP. Un enterrement humain des niveaux les plus bas qui sont datés sur la coquille d'escargot au moins au 9000 cal BP, est daté deux fois sur le collagène, courent 30 ans de distant par différents laboratoires suivre différentes méthodes, au 5000 cal BP. Les nouvelles analyses de TL/OSL sur les fragments en argile cuite et les grains de quartz des remplissages de coquille d'escargot des 50 cm supérieurs des dépôts, prouvent que cet enterrement est contemporain de ces niveaux supérieurs et est donc intrusif, en dépit de n'importe quelle preuve stratigraphique. L'enterrement fournit l'évidence claire pour l'usage post-Capsien de l'emplacement et pour mi-Holocène précédemment non documenté (néolithique ?) règlement dans la région suggérant un besoin de réévaluer le séquence culturel pour l'histoire de l'occupation humain dans le Maghreb oriental.




Keywords: burial, Capsian, Holocene, holocene, Maghreb


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